$21.8 Billion in Bets: Where the Sports Betting World Stands 2 Years After Overturn of PASPA
Photo credit: Bennett Raglin/Getty Images for William Hill US
Today marks the two-year anniversary of the Supreme Court overturning PASPA, a law that made sports betting illegal from a federal level.
That ruling gave each state the individual right to decide whether to legalize gambling, and since that time 22 states plus Washington D.C. have adopted sports betting in some capacity.
States With Legal Sports Betting
|Colorado||May 2020||Full mobile betting|
|Indiana||September 2019||Full mobile betting|
|New Hampshire||December 2019||Full mobile betting|
|New Jersey||August 2018||Full mobile betting|
|Pennsylvania||May 2019||Full mobile betting|
|West Virginia||August 2019||Full mobile betting|
|Iowa||August 2019||Partial mobile betting|
|Mississippi||August 2018||Partial mobile betting|
|Nevada||Already legal||Partial mobile betting|
|Oregon||October 2019||Partial mobile betting|
|Rhode Island||November 2018||Partial mobile betting|
|Arkansas||July 2019||Only physical books|
|Delaware||June 2018||Only physical books|
|Illinois||March 2020||Only physical books|
|Michigan||March 2020||Only physical books|
|Montana||May 2019||Only physical books|
|New Mexico||October 2018||Only physical books|
|New York||July 2019||Only physical books|
|North Carolina||N/A||Recently legal; no betting yet|
|Tennessee||N/A||Recently legal; no betting yet|
|Virginia||N/A||Recently legal; no betting yet|
|Washington||N/A||Recently legal; no betting yet|
|Washington D.C.||N/A||Recently legal; no betting yet|
Nevada was obviously the biggest player, as it was the only state that had state-wide legal betting prior to the Supreme Court ruling. Sports betting was legalized in Nevada in 1949, and it was the lone state to be grandfathered into the PASPA ruling, making it the monopoly it was for over a half-century.
But states have been catching up, especially those that were early to legalize and have made fully mobile betting a priority. New Jersey is second among all states in handle since June 2018, per Legal Sports Report, pulling in a whopping $7.05 billion. The only other state to hit the billion mark is Pennsylvania with a handle of $2.32 billion since June 2018.
Those three states make up a huge majority of the overall U.S. handle ($21.8 billion) over the last two years; in fact, they've taken in over 86% of the total money wagered of the 11 states Legal Sports Report has tracked.
Note: Handle and revenue numbers in this article are through March 2020.
Total Handle Since Overturn of PASPA
(All charts are interactive. Hover over graphics for more details.)
To make that more stark…
And the industry was clearly growing quickly, even with just six states offering full mobile betting (letting bettors create an account, deposit and bet all online). Here's the state-by-state handle for the top states:
State Handles by Month Since Overturn of PASPA
All states have seen an expected sizable bump in handle during the fall when the major sports — college basketball and football, the NBA and especially the NFL — are in season. But look at the year-over-year growth for New Jersey during the fall swings.
Lots of Players Getting Into the Game
The U.S. has seen an influx of sports betting operators, including DraftKings and FanDuel making the jump from DFS companies to sportsbooks. William Hill, PointsBet and others have expanded from European and Australian operations, and Nevada-based companies like MGM and Circa have recently expanded into other states, notably Colorado in May 2020.
The big books have been especially aggressive in growing into multiple states as they've come online:
- New Jersey:DraftKings, FanDuel, BetMGM, PointsBet, Sugar House, William Hill, bet365, BetStars, Golden Nugget, Caesars, Resorts, 888 Sportsbook, BetAmerica
- Colorado: DraftKings, FanDuel, BetMGM, BetRivers with PointsBet, Circa, SuperBook, Wynn, BetAmerica, Smarkets, Betfred and theScore Bet coming
- Pennsylvania: DraftKings, FanDuel, BetRivers, Sugar House, Parx, FoxBet, Unibet
- Indiana: DraftKings, FanDuel, BetRivers, PointsBet, BetMGM
And more big players are still to come: Penn National, for example, which bought a 36% stake in Barstool Sports this year, has been vocal about creating a sportsbook and app. Just a week after PASPA was overturned in May 2018, Flutter Entertainment, which owns Paddy Power and Betfair — two of the biggest gaming entities in Europe — announced an acquisition of FanDuel to get into the U.S. market.
And it's not just gaming companies itching to get a piece of the pie: As Darren Rovell reported Tuesday, Patriots owners Robert and Jonathan Kraft, along with sports/entertainment companies like Madison Square Garden, the WWE, Legends Hospitality (owned by the Cowboys and Yankees), the NHL and Disney (owner of ESPN) all have sizable investments in DraftKings.
Here at The Action Network, we've partnered with the PGA Tour to launch the GolfBet content platform. The NBA has wanted to be progressive in this space and has already launched partnerships with DraftKings, FanDuel, William Hill and others.
Even in the midst of economic uncertainty, it wouldn't be surprising to see more major U.S. companies and sports leagues be aggressive in the betting world.
Coronavirus, the Stoppage of Sports and What's Next for Legalized Betting
It's obviously been a tough second quarter of 2020 for sportsbooks given that live sports essentially stopped overnight due to the coronavirus outbreak. New Jersey, for example, had a handle in March of just $181.9 million, which was a 65% drop from its six-month trailing average, per Darren Rovell's piece. He reported that was the lowest handle since September 2018, which was just the third month of betting in the state. It was the same story in April.
Not all is bleak, though: UFC, the first major live U.S. sport to return since the beginning of March, shattered handle records this past weekend for UFC 249. From DraftKings' Stephen Miraglia before the main event: “UFC 249 is officially the most-bet MMA event in DraftKings Sportsbook history — and the main card hasn’t even started yet.”
There are bullish economic indicators for sportsbooks as well. While brick-and-mortar casinos are struggling and pushing to re-open, online companies and operators have seen a boost in stock price lately, including DraftKings, Penn National and Boyd Gaming.
The biggest question surrounding sports betting — other than when live sports will return, which we track extensively here — is whether COVID-19 and social distancing will encourage states to legalize sooner than they would have.
Legalized betting can be taxed, providing much-needed revenue to state economies. Some states like Virginia and Tennessee could be live in 2020. Others like Maryland, Michigan and Louisiana are pushing for special legislative sessions and to get referendums on ballots come November.
All in all, sports betting is still very early in its infancy in the United States, and the states that became early proponents have reaped incredible financial reward. The coronavirus outbreak certainly hindered what was an exploding industry, but there remains bullish signs — especially with sports returning.