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Where Is Sports Betting Legal? Projections for All 50 States

Where Is Sports Betting Legal? Projections for All 50 States article feature image
  • Sports betting is legal in more than two dozen states in the United States, though many have only in-person betting.
  • We're tracking all 50 states (plus Washington D.C.) to see how legalization is progressing, both retail and online.

Updated January 31, 2023

It’s been over four years since the Supreme Court struck down the federal ban on sports betting, allowing states to legalize it if they wish.

So where do we stand now? What states are doing it, and how are they doing? What states are about to join, and what states are on the back burner? We’ve compiled a comprehensive look at all 50 states (plus Washington D.C.), with projected legalization dates for every state.

Nearly every state has at least considered legalizing sports betting, though deep-seated political opposition and complex tribal relationships will likely prevent more than a dozen from going online for years to come.

In the infancy of U.S. sports betting, FanDuel, DraftKings and BetMGM are the early leaders, with some brands already shutting down after just a few years.

The interactive map below details where betting is legal and, in places where it isn’t yet, projects when it will be. We’re also tracking where online casinos are legal.

[Check out the best online sportsbooks in New York, Louisiana, Arizona, Illinois, Colorado, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Indiana, Michigan, Virginia, Iowa, and West Virginia.]

Where Is Sports Betting Legal?

Use the links to jump to your state.

State Online In-Person
Alabama X X
Alaska X X
California X X
Delaware X
Florida X X
Georgia X X
Hawaii X X
Idaho X X
Kentucky X X
Maine Pending Pending
Massachusetts March 2023
Minnesota X X
Mississippi X
Missouri X X
Montana X
Nebraska X Pending
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico X
New York
North Carolina X
North Dakota X
Oklahoma X X
Rhode Island
South Carolina X X
South Dakota X
Tennessee X
Texas X X
Utah X X
Vermont X X
Washington X
Washington D.C.
West Virginia
Wisconsin X
Wyoming X

LEGAL, TAKING BETS (35 Total States)

  • Only in-person sportsbooks (10)
  • Full mobile betting with multiple options (20)
  • Limited mobile betting options (4)
  • Halted, unlikely to resume (1)


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Arizona passed its sports betting bill in April 2021, allowing for online wagering and some of the nation’s first in-stadium sportsbooks. Its quickly becoming one of the most popular states to place a bet.

The first online sportsbooks went live Sept. 9, the first day of the 2021 NFL season. 18 operators, including BetMGM, Caesars, and FanDuel, now operate in Arizona, with room for two more.

In March 2022 Arizona vaulted into the top 10 states in monthly handle (amount bet) for the first time.

Earlier that month FanDuel started taking in-person at the Footprint Center, home of the Phoenix Suns and Mercury, while Caesars opened up its sportsbook at Chase Field, home of the Arizona Diamondbacks.

BetMGM is working on a similar venture at State Farm Stadium, home of the Arizona Cardinals, while DraftKings is expected to unveil a betting hub at the Scottsdale golf course that hosts the Waste Management Open.


Full mobile betting with multiple options to come

On Feb. 22, 2022, the Arkansas Joint Budget Committee finalized rules to bring sports betting online, expanding it beyond in-person activity at three casinos, as it had been limited to since 2019.

The first online sportsbook went live March 5th–a partnership between the Southland Casino and Betly, an online betting site owned by Delaware North. BetSaracen, a product of the Saracen Casino, launched about a month after and is the only other online app in the state so far.

Arkansas’ law allows for up to eight online sportsbooks, but so far national brands like DraftKings and FanDuel have been hesitant to join. To do so they must partner with one of the state’s three casinos and split 51% of their revenue with them.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Colorado took its first legal online and retail wagers in May 2020, six-months after voters narrowly approved sports betting during the November election.

Since then Colorado’s flourished into one of the most robust markets in the country, with 26 different apps, including DraftKings, FanDuel and BetMGM.

It was one of the first states to record more $200 million in monthly betting handle and in 2022 joined the top 6 states in dollars bet all-time.

Online sportsbooks must partner one of the Colorado’s 33 casinos to operate legally in the state, which has left  the door open for even more apps to come.

Colorado has one of the most operator-friendly setups in the country, though lawmakers have started tightening some loopholes low levels of tax revenue.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Connecticut Gov. Ned Lamont struck a deal with the Mashantucket Pequot and Mohegan tribes in May 2021, authorizing the two, and the state lottery, to run online sports betting.

Those providers quickly partnered with DraftKings, FanDuel and PlaySugarHouse, who all went online October 19– just a few weeks after Connecticut started taking in-person bets.

Each have in-person sportsbooks at at least one casino, while the state lottery and Rush Street Interactive (which owns PlaySugarHouse) run seven retail locations. They may open a total of 15, under state law.

A smaller state, and new to the party, Connecticut’s market is still a ways off from maturity. It’ll be interesting to see how New York’s recent launch impact its numbers, though it should continue to benefit from Massachusetts’ inability to legalize.


In-person sportsbooks only

Delaware became the first state outside Nevada to accept a legal single-game sports bet on June 5, 2018, beating New Jersey by a few weeks in the aftermath of the Supreme Court’s industry-altering decision.

Delaware’s lottery-run sports betting market still prohibits online betting, leaving only three retail sportsbooks in the state — and unimpressive revenue numbers.

Its small size, population and the proliferation of digital sports betting options in its neighboring states leave Delaware a relative afterthought despite its quick start.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


Halted, unlikely to resume in coming months

Hard Rock took the first and only legal online sports bets in Florida from November to December 2021.

Online betting in the Sunshine State came to a halt after a federal judge struck down an agreement that gave the Seminole Tribe sole jurisdiction over the market. An appeal to that lawsuit is pending, but don’t expect it to be resolved anytime soon. In the meantime the Tribe has stopped paying the state for the exclusive access it no longer has.

An alternate effort fell short earlier this year, after a campaign to get sports betting on the Florida ballot failed to gather enough signatures. DraftKings and FanDuel were major supporters of the campaign, contributing nearly $37 million combined.

There are still a few paths to legal wagering in the next few years:

It’s not looking great for Florida to legalize sports betting in the next 2-3 years, but it’s not completely dead either.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Illinois launched in-person betting on March 9, 2020, (just ahead of an NCAA Tournament that didn’t wind up happening) and launched online betting in June 2020.

One of the nation’s most populated (and sports-crazy) states, Illinois among the top 5 states in both handle (dollars bet) and tax revenue.

A major roadblock was lifted March 5, 2022 when an in-person registration rule, waived on a month-by-month basis during pandemic lockdowns, expired for good.

Shortly after BetMGM and Caesars joined the five online sportsbooks already operational in the state.

Betting on in-state colleges was made legal in Dec. 2021, though bettors are only able to do so in-person.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Indiana went live with online sports betting Oct. 3, 2019, just a month after its first in-person bets.

The 13th state to approve sports betting–Indiana’s done well ever since Gov. Eric Holcomb signed a bill legalizing it in May, 2019. It’s taken over $7 billion in bets, which is the fifth most of any state.

Indiana’s law allows for over 40 online sportsbooks, though only 13 currently operate in the state. Four more are expected, but so far the biggest players, including FanDuel and DraftKings, have dominated the market.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Iowa started accepting bets on Aug. 15, 2019 and has methodically grown since.

Home to a dozen plus online sportsbooks, Iowa has some of the cheapest licensing fees in the land — $45,000 for the first year and a $10,000 every year after that.

Its monthly handle saw an immediate boost in 2021, after an in-person registration requirement expired for good. It now takes in between $100,000 to $300,000 in bets month-to-month.

Though Iowa has a smaller in population and has no professional sports teams, it’s one of the more lucrative per capita markets in the country and benefits from sharing boarders with multiple states yet to legalize.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Kansas legalized sports betting in 2022, after a legislative race which saw it beat out neighboring Missouri.

Online and in-person betting began Sept. 1, one of the fastest launches of any state and just in time for the 2022 NFL season. Six online operators and two casinos began taking bets to start, with more expected to join soon.

Kansas law allows up to 12 online sportsbooks, though the state’s licensed just nine so far. Two additional casinos are expected to take bets in the coming months.

Additionally casinos may sign contracts with retail locations, like professional sports arenas, to install and oversee betting kiosks.

More online sportsbooks could come into the state too. The law allows Kansas’ native tribes to update their gaming compacts and also partner with commercial operators to offer online betting.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

In November 2020, voters in 55 of the state’s 64 parishes approved legal sports betting, including all those in New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Lafayette.

In-person betting launched in October of 2021. Six online sportsbooks launched on Jan. 28, 2022, including including FanDuel, DraftKings and BetMGM. WynnBet launched shortly after–brining the state to seven online sportsbooks .

More are expected to join in the future, as Louisiana’s law allows for up to 41 different mobile apps. Louisiana is one of the only Southeastern states to legalize online betting, which should be a significant advantage as its market develops.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Maryland bettors legalized sports betting during the 2020 election. And after the longest go-live period in U.S. betting history, Maryland operators launched fully on Nov. 23, 2022.

There was a strange soft launch period on Monday, as well, with books going live for eight hours before going offline all day Tuesday. They relaunched Wednesday at 9 a.m. ET.

Gov. Larry Hogan had urged the Sports Wagering Application Review Commission to license the first online providers by the 2022 NFL season, though state lottery official said that was unlikely.

Maryland’s law allows for up to 60 online sportsbooks and 30 retail sites. Seven launched right away, three more are expected in the next few months, and another dozen could be live by next football season.


In-person launched, online projected March 2023

Massachusetts passed a sports betting bill in the wee hours of the morning on Aug. 1, 2022.

In early December, the state began its licensing process, which made waves due to questions about Barstool and its responsible gambling messaging.

In-person sports betting launched on Jan. 31, with online expected to follow in early March.

The final sports betting bill, which combines interests from far apart House and Senate visions includes the following:

  • 15% retail tax, 20% online
  • No betting on Mass. colleges.
  • Casinos allowed to partner with two online operators each
  • Racetracks allowed one online partner


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Michigan launched in-person wagering at the MGM Grand Detroit on March 11, 2020. Online sportsbooks, including BetMGM and DraftKings launched in early 2021. It now has a total of 15, the maximum allowed under state law.

Home to 7 million over the age of 21 and teams in every major-league sport, Michigan has quickly become one of the top betting states, regularly finishing among the top 10 in monthly handle.

It ranks 7th among states in dollars bet all-time, right behind Colorado. It’s also one of the few states where iGaming is legal.

Despite the proliferation of betting across the mid-west in recent years, and a new market on the way in Ohio, Michigan’s operator-friendly rules should keep it atop the leaders in sports betting for years to come.


In-person sportsbooks only

Mississippi was one of the earlier states to launch, opening up for business on Aug. 1, 2018.

The state technically has mobile wagering, but you can only place bets while inside a casino. This has hurt its market share, despite being one of the few legal Southern betting states.

It passed retail sports betting in 2017, as a corollary to a fantasy sports bill, at a time when the Supreme Court lifting the federal ban seemed unlikely. Since then several bill online bills have been introduced, but none have made it to a vote.

Expanding sports betting in conservative Mississippi will be a tall task. Like most Southern states, it’s politicians have deep-seated opposition to gambling.


In-person sportsbooks only

Montana, like Mississippi, technically has mobile wagering, but you can only place bets on a retail location’s property.

Intralot, a Greek company that runs the state lottery, started taking bets in March 2020. It’s the only game in town and has severely jeopardized competitive pricing.

Not surprisingly, Montana’s limited betting options and sparse population make it a small part of the overall U.S. market.


Full mobile betting with multiple options (in-person sign up required)

Nevada, the gold standard for in-person betting, still hasn’t quite mastered online wagering. The state requires bettors to come into a casino to register in person before placing via the Internet.

That really hurt the state during the early days of COVID-19, when casino traffic plummeted. Nevada will always hold a special spot for American gaming, but its already dropped to the second-most lucrative sports betting state and may continue to fall down the ranks as more and more populated states (with statewide mobile wagering) launch in the coming years.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.

New Hampshire

One mobile betting option

New Hampshire went live with online wagering on Dec. 30, 2019.

DraftKings is the sole mobile operator in the state, though there are a handful of retail betting locations that have opened or intend to do so. Intralot, which runs apps in Montana and Washington D.C., is expected to eventually launch its mobile product in conjunction with the state lottery.

Betting on in-state colleges is not permitted.

New Hampshire has done decently well despite its limited market, but this could end when (or if) Massachusetts launches mobile wagering.

New Jersey

Full mobile betting with multiple options

New Jersey, the state to bring the sports gambling case to the Supreme Court, is now enjoying the fruits of its labor. “The Gold Standard” for legal sports betting was the third state to take a legal bet and has continued to set state records thank to a competitive, operator-friendly system.

It’s home to 21 online sportsbooks, with room for at least 20 more. It’s also accepting new operator models like betting exchange Prophet.

New Jersey brought in $10.9 million in bets in 2021, beating out Nevada in handle every month that year. It now leads all states in handle, despite a betting ban on in-state colleges, which cost it during Saint Peters’ Cinderella run to the Elite Eight.

Though New York’s mobile sports betting launch — and the massive revenue its amassed since January — pose a threat to New Jersey’s dominance, so far revenue’s been up over last year.

New Mexico

In-person sportsbooks only

New Mexico hasn’t passed any legislation, though Native American tribes have run in-person sports betting at their casinos since October 2018.

They’ve done so by interpreting their gaming compact with the state to mean that they can offer any form of Class III gaming. The Department of Interior, which overseas tribal agreements with states, hasn’t intervened.

It’s one of the first “grey states” to take bets without approval from lawmakers or voters, though only six retail locations are open.

It’s seen little to no movement towards legalizing online sports betting.

New York

Full mobile betting with multiple options

New York launched online sports betting on, Jan. 8 2022, and has left almost every other state in the dust since then.

New York had retail sports betting at a handful of upstate commercial and tribal casinos, but these have generated little revenue despite the state’s massive population and gaming interest. That’s because online betting was not legalized.

But the time has come. Sports bettors can rejoice and bet from the comfort of their own homes instead of crossing bridges or going through tunnels to place their wagers.

In the meantime, New Jersey has essentially turned into “Vegas East” (with the help of New Yorkers coming across the border). We estimate that New York cost itself $1.3 billion in tax revenue by not legalizing when New Jersey did.

North Carolina

In-person sportsbooks only

North Carolina legalized in-person sports betting in 2019 for two tribal casinos miles away from any of its major cities. It first took bets in March 2021.

It was a front runner to legalize online betting in 2022 and should be again in 2023.

Lawmakers came one vote shy of passing online sports betting during the 2022 session, though confusion over reworked legislation and concerns over collegiate betting killed the effort just when it seemed to be at the finish line.

The good news: along with a growing appetite in the legislature, Gov. Roy Cooper is a staunch advocate for online sports betting. His term ends in 2025.

North Dakota

In-person sportsbooks only

There’s been no political movement to legalize sports gambling in North Dakota, but state tribes have already opened retail sportsbooks under authority granted to them by the federal government, a similar legal path for the sports betting launch in New Mexico.

This too means retail only, but North Dakota is among a rare group of states that can take bets without an act of the legislature.


Approved, launching Jan. 1

Ohio is another sports-crazy state that’s behind in legalizing sports gambling, especially given the action in many of its Midwestern neighbors.

But late in 2021, Ohio legislators passed an online sports betting bill and Gov. Mike DeWine approved it.

Some had hoped betting would start in time for the 2022 NFL season, but in May regulators announced all forms of betting will go live Jan. 1, 2023.

More than a dozen sportsbooks launched on New Year’s Day.


One mobile betting option

Thanks to a limited exemption in the federal sports betting ban that allowed it to offer parlay cards, Oregon officials determined the state lottery could begin taking bets without a separate act of the legislature. The state lottery app took its first bet in 2019, but with only one legal mobile wagering option, it has not been able to match competitive markets.

In January of 2022, Oregon switched from its own lottery app to DraftKings as its sole operator. A handful of Native American casinos operate retail sportsbooks.

Notably, in-state college betting is prohibited.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Pennsylvania was among a handful of states to accept a legal retail sports bet in 2018 and, beginning with its 2019 digital launch, has been among the biggest markets in the country.

Pennsylvania consistently pulls in among the top five largest sports betting handles, despite higher taxes and fees than some other states.

The fees, and a limit of only 14 total operator licenses, could continue to hinder Pennsylvania’s potential, but it’s large population and high-profile sports teams will help it maintain some of the nation’s highest-grossing handle totals.

Rhode Island

One mobile betting option

Rhode Island has been offering legal sports betting since 2018 when retail sportsbooks opened at its two commercial casinos.  William Hill (now owned by Caesars) is the only legal retail and online sportsbook in the state.

Lawmakers repealed an in-person mobile registration requirement, but the small population and lone legal option keep revenues small, despite Rhode Island’s proximity to Massachusetts.

South Dakota

In-person sportsbooks only

The first retail sportsbooks opened in September 2021.

South Dakota legalized sports betting in November 2020 as part of a ballot initiative and lawmakers passed retail-only authorization for Deadwood casinos and certain tribal gaming facilities.

The state constitution only permits wagering within Deadwood and tribal lands, but some policymakers believe statewide mobile wagering can be approved as long as the servers are placed in Deadwood. Legislation to do so gained little traction in 2021 or in 2022, but could open an interesting new digital market in the years to come.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Since it has no casinos, Tennessee is the only state with online-only sports betting. The conservative state’s unlikely launch of an uncapped, digital sports betting market excited industry stakeholders, but other restrictions could hurt its potential.

Tennessee is the only state that makes the operators return a 10% hold –the percentage of bets taken that books win. Since typical hold is around 5-7% in most states, mandating a 10% hold could mean worse odds for bettors in Tennessee.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Virginia took its first online sports bet in January 2021 and is now home to over a dozen operators.

The state’s lagged behind some of its neighbors in handle and tax revenue, despite its close proximity to Maryland and Washington D.C., where betting is currently much more limited.

In an effort to change lawmakers worked a clause into the 2023 budget that phases out promo tax deductions for operators after 12-months in the market.


In-person sportsbooks only

Washington legalized sports betting on March 25, 2020 and took its first bet Sept. 9, 2021. Only certain tribal casinos can take bets.

Mobile sports betting, like Mississippi, will only be allowed if it is placed within a casino facility, a huge deterrent to the state’s revenue potential. Statewide mobile betting doesn’t seem like a reality anytime soon.

Washington D.C.

Limited mobile betting options

D.C. is technically a sole-source operator jurisdiction. The lone legal District-wide mobile app, GamBetDC, is run by the lottery and, partially because it has no legal competition, has offered lines worse than market averages. Also the app is geofenced out of any federal properties, a major problem in the nation’s capital.

That has allowed the city’s first retail sportsbook, a full sportsbook bar and restaurant in Capital One Arena. Caesars allows mobile wagering only within the stadium.

Under its former brand-name—William Hill—the retail book opened July 31, 2020 as a makeshift sportsbook in the arena’s box office.

A few miles to the south, BetMGM struck a similar partnership with the Washington Nationals. Its retail sportsbook opened Feb. 1, 2022 at Nationals Park. Its mobile app too, is available within a two-block radius of its retail location.

Another entrant, Handle 19, is readying to enter the marketplace with a retail location. Overall, D.C. hasn’t generated much from sports betting because of unfair pricing and issues with the GamBetDC app.

West Virginia

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Mobile betting had some initial hiccups in West Virginia, but it’s been fully live since August 2019.

The state has a handful mobile operators, including DraftKings, FanDuel, BetMGM and William Hill. It will never rival some of the larger markets, but bettors at least have several legal options to place a bet from anywhere within the state.


In-person sportsbooks only

The Oneida Nation and Gov. Tony Evers announced a deal In July 2021 that permits the tribe to open retail sportsbooks at its casinos. The deal does not permit statewide mobile betting or wagering on in-state college sports.

Following federal approval in August 2021, the tribe to launched sports betting at its Green Bay casino in November 2021.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


Full mobile betting with multiple options

Lawmakers surprisingly approved statewide mobile wagering, becoming just the second state to allow online betting without any retail sportsbooks. The first two online sportsbooks took bets beginning Sept. 1, 2021.

Meanwhile, the Northern Arapaho Tribe appears it may add retail sports betting under the authority of existing law, much in the way tribes in New Mexico are operating sports betting without any legislation.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


  • Awaiting further action by regulators (2)


Approved, awaiting further action by regulators

Maine was the first state to legalize sports betting in 2022.

A bill signed by Gov. Janet Mills in April permits Maine’s four native tribes to partner with commercial operators and offer online sports betting.

It sets the state up for up to four mobile sportsbooks.

The Hollywood Casino Hotel & Raceway, owned by Penn National, and the Oxford Casino Hotel, owned by Churchill Downs, can apply for betting licenses too, though only for in-person wagers.

Massachusetts and Vermont are now the only New England states without legal sports betting, though Maine is likely at least a year way from taking its first bets.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


Approved, awaiting further action by regulators

Voters approved three constitutional amendments in November that would legalize “games of chance” at Nebraska’s licensed horse tracks.

A regulatory bill that permits retail sportsbooks was signed into law, and in-person sports betting could begin at the new brick-and-mortar gaming facilities sometime in 2022. The bill doesn’t permit bets on Nebraska college teams played in the state.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


  • No movement (3)
  • Possible tribal action (1)
  • Longshots under consideration by legislature (1)
  • Possible action in 2023 (7)
  • Possible action in 2024 (2)


Possible action in 2023

Alabama is one of the few remaining states without a lottery.

A bill that would have permitted a state-run lottery and mobile wagering looked like it had a chance in 2022, but lawmakers ended their session without voting on it. A robust market would be a difficult task in a state with only three tribal casinos and no lottery to run online betting.

Alabama may eventually opt to go the same route as neighboring Tennessee, which runs an exclusive online market.

Passing such a bill remains a difficult task in a state with strong gaming aversions.


No movement

Alaska is pretty much nowhere on sports gambling. The 49th state might actually be the 49th to legalize it, if ever.


2024-2025 Possible

California’s November election featured two different ballot proposals to legalize sports betting, that both fell way short.

  • Prop 26 proposed legalizing in-person sports betting at tribal casinos and four horse tracks. It was backed by the state’s tribes, which control much of the state’s gaming.
  • Prop 27 was funded by FanDuel, DraftKings and BetMGM and proposed state-wide online betting. It ended up suffering one of the biggest defeats of any California ballot measure in recent memory.

So sports betting will have to wait a few years in California, if not longer. There are two paths forward:

  • Another ballot initiative, which sportsbooks may not want to try.
  • A constitutional amendment, which did gain some steam in 2019 and 2020 but it could not be worked out due to complex gaming laws and disagreements between the tribes and card rooms, among other things.

The tribes getting their way doesn’t mean it will be in-person sports betting only in California — last year, a group of tribes proposed online and retail sports betting, but it didn’t qualify for the ballot.

The consensus opinion seems to be that the tribes, who have immense influence in the state, can just wait out operators like DraftKings and FanDuel. They don’t need sports betting and will want to do it on their terms.


Possible action in 2023

Georgia lawmakers ended their 2022 session the same way as their last two: with a failed last minute push to legalize sports betting.

They’ve tried for several years to lump sports betting with casino gaming as a constitutional amendment, though some believe that’s unnecessary. Legalizing sports betting through the existing state lottery would require less votes for passage, though it’s uncertain whether it would withstand a legal challenge.

Polls in Georgia say that voters are in favor of legalized sports betting, and executives from their major sports teams have also been vocal about support. Georgia’s inched closer to passing a bill in each of its last go-arounds, though Republicans in the Senate remain opposed to new gambling laws.

Popular support is on sports betting’s side, but it’s not clear if that’s enough to overcome entrenched anti-gambling sentiment in the statehouse.


Longshot, but 2024-25 Possible

Hawaii is one of just two states currently without any major gambling entity of any kind. So it’s an uphill climb to get legal betting.

But there was a little bit of action in January of 2022, when Rep. John Mizuno introduced a bill.

“What we did was copycat New York’s law. We wanted to follow New York but go with a higher tax,” Mizuno told Sports Handle. “We said, ‘Hey New York got it passed, so let’s do what they did.’ That was my request for the bill drafters.”

The regulation session ended in May without very much traction on the bill, though lawmakers may still opt to advance it in upcoming sessions.


No movement

State laws as written are currently against gambling, save for horse racing. The state doesn’t allow fantasy sports, either and there’s been little political appetite for legal sports betting.


Possible action in 2024

Kentucky came extremely close to legalizing sports betting in 2022, though an effort to give racetracks control over retail and online markets fell short at the last minute.

The bill passed the House but couldn’t find enough Republican support in the Senate, despite support from Majority Leader Damon Thayer (R).

Gov. Andy Beshear has been a big proponent of legalizing sports betting and is likely to sign any version that makes it to his desk.

The next chance to pass a legalization bill is likely 2024, as odd-numbered years require a three-fifths majority vote during a shorter 30 day session.


Possible action in 2023

Minnesota came extremely close to legalizing sports betting in 2022 and lawmakers will likely take it up again in 2023.

A bill that would have given the state’s native tribes exclusive control over online and retail betting passed the House, but fell apart after Senators amended it to include racetracks and professional sports teams.

The tribes, which hold a significant lobbying presence in the statehouse, have for years opposed any legislation that wouldn’t give them a monopoly on sports betting. Once the Senate amended the House bill, they pulled their support.

The legislature adjourned for the year without the Senate voting on the bill.


Possible action in 2023

At one point Missouri looked like the surest bet to pass a sports betting bill in 2022, as lawmakers openly competed with their counterparts in Kansas to get there first.

The House managed to pass a bill that would have authorized up to 39 sportsbooks, but it fell apart somewhat unexpectedly in the Senate and never recovered despite a last minute push.

Sen. Denny Hoskins filibustered for hours over a proposed amendment that would have removed a portion of the bill authorizing video lottery terminals in truck stops and gas stations around the state. He vowed that sports betting would not pass without VLTs, which the casinos lobbying for sports betting have opposed.

About a week later he put forth a proposal that would legalize sports betting without VLTs, but the Senate declined to vote on it.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


Possible tribal action

Oklahoma gaming is dominated by Native American entities and most seem disinclined to agree to sports betting until other key issues with the state government are resolved. Two tribes struck sports betting deals in 2020, but those were later invalidated, part of a larger conflict between competition gaming interests and the government.

A court ruling that renewed a previous compact between the two entities gives tribes the upper hand in negotiations with the government. Sports betting, which makes up a small fraction of most casino’s revenues, is a comparatively minor issue as billions of gaming dollars are up for further negotiations.

South Carolina

Possible action in 2023

South Carolina’s flirted with legal sports betting but has been unable to pass a bill.

A pair of bipartisan lawmakers introduced a bill in 2022 that would have allowed up to 12 online sportsbooks, but it didn’t gain much traction. A similar effort failed in 2019.

Gov. Henry McMaster opposes sports betting, so even if the legislature managed to pass a bill it’d face another difficult hurdle.


Possible action in 2023

Texas would appear to be an unlikely sports betting adopter, but shifting demographics and investment from outside gaming interests make it a possible target in 2023.

The Lone Star State is still a longshot, but some momentum in the 2021 session (the legislature only meets regularly in odd-numbered years) could help move Texas past its long-standing gambling opposition in 2023.


No movement

Sports betting is likely never coming to Utah, the only state in the continental U.S. without any major legal gaming form.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.


Possible action in 2023

Lawmakers have for years pushed sports betting in the Green Mountain state, but efforts to legalize haven’t gained much traction.

A bill made it to a Senate committee in 2022 that would have legalized retail and online betting under state lottery control, allowing up to six online sportsbooks. It did not however receive a vote in either the Senate or House.

With New York and Canada now legal and Massachusetts moving towards legalization, Vermont will soon be surrounded by sports betting, which may be what finally gets it to the finish line.

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