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Where Is Sports Betting Legal? Projections for All 50 States

Where Is Sports Betting Legal? Projections for All 50 States article feature image
  • Sports betting is legal in more than two dozen states in the United States, though many have only in-person betting.
  • We're tracking all 50 states (plus Washington D.C.) to see how legalization is progressing, both retail and online.

Updated May 24, 2022

It’s been more than three years since the Supreme Court struck down the federal ban on sports betting, allowing states to legalize it if they wish.

So where do we stand now? What states are in business, and how are they doing? What states are imminently coming online? And what states are on the back burner? We’ve compiled a comprehensive look at all 50 states (plus Washington D.C.), with projected legalization dates for every state.

Nearly every state has at least considered legal sports betting, but the reality is that full online sports betting will not come to more than a dozen states for a long time due to deep-seated political opposition to gambling or complex tribal relationships.

An interactive map is below, and the text for each state is ordered by the projected year we expect them to come online. Two experts — Daniel Wallach, principal at Wallach Legal, the nation’s first law firm solely devoted to sports betting, and Jake Williams, vice president of legal and regulatory affairs for Sportradar — helped with the projections and sub-categories for every state.

“Possible” states for 2022 include states such as Massachusetts, which has seen some movement but has no real timeline for legalization, and Maine, which had a bill vetoed by the governor, killing sports betting until at least 2022.

[Check out the best online sportsbooks in New York, Louisiana, Arizona, Illinois, Colorado, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Indiana, Michigan, Virginia, Iowa, and West Virginia.]

Where Is Sports Betting Legal?

Ala. | Alaska | Ari. | Ark. | Calif. | Colo. | Conn. | Dela. | Fla. | Ga. | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Ind. | Iowa | Kan. | Kent. | La. | Maine | Mary. | Mass. | Mich. | Minn. | Miss. | Mo. | Mont. | Neb. | Nev. | N.H. | N.J. | N.M. | N.Y. | N.C | N.D. | Ohio | Okla. | Ore. | Penn. | R.I. | S.C. | S.D. | Tenn. | Texas | Utah | Ver. | Virginia | Wash. | Wash. D.C. | W.V. | Wisc. | Wyo.

LEGAL, TAKING BETS (32 Total States)

  • Only in-person sportsbooks (9)
  • Only physical sportsbooks now, online pending (1)
  • Full mobile betting with multiple options (17)
  • Limited mobile betting options (4)
  • Halted, unlikely to resume (1)

Arizona

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Arizona passed a sweeping online sports betting bill in April 2021 that allows statewide mobile wagering as well as some of the nation’s first in-stadium sportsbooks.

Online sports betting went live Sept. 9, the first day of the 2021 NFL season. 18 operators now operate in the state, with room for two more:

Arkansas

Full mobile betting with multiple options to come

Legal sports betting started in Arkansas on July 1, 2019, at Oaklawn Racing Casino Resort. An additional sportsbook was added in October 2019 at the Saracen Casino Resort.

On Feb. 22, 2022, the Arkansas Joint Budget Committee finalized rules allowing up to eight online sportsbooks to partner with the state’s three casinos.

The first online sportsbook went live March 5th, with the Southland Casino partnering with online betting site Betly. More casinos are expected to announced online partnerships in the coming months.

Colorado

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Colorado accepted its first online and retail wagers in 2020 and has quickly turned into one of the most robust markets with all the major players involved, including DraftKings, FanDuel, BetMGM and BetRivers from day one.


In Sept. 2020, Colorado joined Nevada, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Indiana among states to record more than $200 million in monthly betting handle. Australian-based PointsBet opened its North American headquarters in Denver, helping what could be a major player in U.S. sports betting.

Colorado has one of the most operator-friendly setups in the country and more than two-dozen digital sportsbooks are expected to be live there in the coming years.

Connecticut

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Connecticut Gov. Ned Lamont, the Mashantucket Pequot and Mohegan tribes reached a groundbreaking deal in 2021 that allows the pair plus the state lottery to open statewide mobile sportsbooks. The lottery can also open up to 15 retail sportsbooks.

A month after the first retail locations at the Mohegan Sun and Foxwoods casinos, DraftKings, FanDuel and Rush Street Interactive (BetRivers/SugarHouse) went fully live online on October 19.

The lottery and Rush Street Interactive run seven other retail locations and may open more in the future.

Delaware

In-person sportsbooks only

Delaware was the first state outside Nevada to accept a legal single-game sports bet, beating New Jersey by a few weeks after the Supreme Court struck down the federal wagering ban in May 2018.

Delaware’s lottery-run sports betting market still prohibits online betting, leaving only three retail sportsbooks in the state — and unimpressive revenue numbers.

Its small size, population and the proliferation of digital sports betting options in its neighboring states will leave Delaware a relative afterthought despite its quick start.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.

Florida

Halted, unlikely to resume in coming months

Hard Rock took the first online sports bets in Florida in early November, despite a pending lawsuit seeking to block betting in the state. After a month of operating, it came to a halt when the Seminole Tribe’s agreement that gave it full control over sports betting in Florida was struck down by a federal judge.

The clearest path forward was a petition that aimed to put sports betting on the 2022 ballot, but it fell well short of the required signatures in late January. DraftKings and FanDuel were major supporters of the campaign, contributing nearly $37 million combined.

There are still three paths to legal wagering in the next few years:

It’s not looking great for Florida at the moment to legalize sports betting in the next 2-3 years, but it’s not completely dead either.

Illinois

Full mobile betting with multiple options

The state launched betting on March 9, 2020, (just ahead of an NCAA Tournament that didn’t wind up happening) and launched online betting in June 2020.

One of the nation’s most populated (and sports-crazy) states, Illinois is expected to be a major player in the U.S. sports betting sphere. However, market participation has been slow, in part due to limited online skin counts plus stiff taxes and fees.

A major roadblock was lifted March 5, 2022 when an in-person registration rule, that had been waived on a month-by-month basis during the COVID-19 pandemic, expired for good.

Shortly after BetMGM and Caesars joined the four online sportsbooks already operational in the state, which could – finally – push Illinois near or to the top of the U.S. sports betting handle lists. Illinois still prohibits betting on any of its in-state colleges, however.

Indiana

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Indiana went live Sept. 1, 2019 and has done well, pulling in more than $200 million a month in handle in the 2020 football season. It took just a few months from legalization to first bet, and Indiana has continued its fast start with a well-rounded market.

The biggest players, including FanDuel and DraftKings, take up most of the market share within the state, but a dozen or so sportsbooks are expected to make noise in the coming years. More operator entrants and a business-friendly environment should help continue Indiana’s sports betting success.

Iowa

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Iowa started accepting bets on Aug. 15, 2019 and has methodically grown in the months since. The in-person registration requirement set to sunset in 2021 should help the market even further.

Iowa has some of the cheapest licensing fees in the land — $45,000 for the first year to get an initial license and a renewal fee of $10,000 annually. Iowa took in $72 million in bets in September 2020 alone.

Though it has a smaller in population and has no professional sports teams, it could still be among the more lucrative per capita markets in the country.

Louisiana

Full mobile betting with multiple options

In 2020, voters in 55 of the state’s 64 parishes supported legal sports betting, including all those around New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Lafayette.

Online betting launched on Jan. 28, 2022, with six sportsbooks — BetMGM, DraftKings, Barstool, FanDuel, Caesars and BetRivers.

In-person betting launched in October of 2021.

Maryland

In-person sportsbooks only, online pending

The voters of Maryland said yes to legalizing sports gambling in the Nov. 2020 election, bringing legal wagering to the last remaining Mid-Atlantic state without a licensed sportsbook.

In April 2021, lawmakers finalized legislation that allows 60 online and 30 retail options.

In-person sports betting launched in December of 2021, but online betting is still far off. Regulators had targeted sometime during the 2022 NFL season, but have pushed that back indefinitely following delays with a diversity inclusion opportunity study.

Maryland’s mobile launch delay is now the longest of any state to legalize sports betting.

Michigan

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Michigan launched in-person wagering at the MGM Grand Detroit on March 11, 2020. Online books such as BetMGM launched in early 2021.

Michigan is becoming one of the biggest sports betting and online gaming markets in the country, and its legislation allows for a competitive market with multiple operators.

Mississippi

In-person sportsbooks only

Mississippi was one of the earlier states to launch, opening up for business on Aug. 1, 2018.

The state technically has mobile wagering, but you can only place bets while inside a casino. This has hurt its market share, despite being one of the few legal Southern betting states.

The initial retail sports betting legislation was passed as a corollary to a fantasy sports bill at a time when the federal ban appeared it would not be lifted.

Passing a statewide online betting bill in conservative Mississippi will be a far more difficult task.

Montana

In-person sportsbooks only

Montana officially started taking bets in March 2020 with a sports betting app run by the company that runs the state lottery. This government-run monopoly keeps out other top sportsbooks and can jeopardize competitive prices. It also only works in licensed gaming properties.

Not surprisingly, Montana’s limited betting options and sparse population make it a small part of the overall U.S. market.

Nevada

Full mobile betting with multiple options (in-person sign up required)

Nevada, the gold standard for in-person betting, still hasn’t quite mastered online wagering. The state requires bettors to come into a casino to register in person before placing via the Internet.

That’s really hurt the state during COVID-19, when casino traffic plummeted. Nevada will always hold a special spot for American gaming, but it is already just the second-most lucrative sports betting state and it could continue to fall down the ranks as more and more populated states (with statewide mobile wagering) launch in the coming years.

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New Hampshire

One mobile betting option

Online wagering began on Dec. 30, 2019. DraftKings is the sole mobile operator in the state, though there are a handful of retail betting locations that have opened or intend to do so.

New Hampshire has done decently well despite its limited market, but this could end when (or if) Massachusetts launches mobile wagering.

New Jersey

Full mobile betting with multiple options

New Jersey, the state to bring the sports gambling case to the Supreme Court, is now enjoying the fruits of its labor. “The Gold Standard” for legal sports betting was the third state to take a legal bet and has continued to set state records thank to a competitive, operator-friendly system.

Although there are physical books in Atlantic City and at the Meadowlands, more than 80% of bets taken are on online, a number that’s risen during COVID-19 and should continue going forward.

New Jersey brought in $10.9 billion in sports bets in 2021 and is on track to bring in $5 billion in 2020, beating out Nevada in handle every month that year. New York’s mobile sportsbook launch could cut into those massive numbers, but New Jersey will still continue as a marquee market for years to come.

New Mexico

In-person sportsbooks only

No bills have been passed, but Native American tribes have interpreted that sportsbooks are legal at tribal casinos under existing state-tribal gaming compacts. There are only a handful of retail sportsbooks spread across the state and it appears the first state to take a bet without an act of the legislature or voters will continue to do so.

New York

Full mobile betting with multiple options

The time is here. New York online sports betting launched on Saturday, Jan. 8.

Six operators went live in the first three weeks:

New York had retail sports betting at a handful of upstate commercial and tribal casinos, but these have generated little revenue despite the state’s massive population and gaming interest. That’s because online betting was not legalized.

But the time has come. Sports bettors can rejoice and bet from the comfort of their own homes instead of crossing bridges or going through tunnels to place their wagers.

In the meantime, New Jersey has essentially turned into “Vegas East” (with the help of New Yorkers coming across the border). We estimate that New York cost itself $1.3 billion in tax revenue by not legalizing when New Jersey did.

North Carolina

In-person sportsbooks only

North Carolina legalized in-person sports betting in July 2019 for two tribal casinos in the western portion of the state, taking its first bet in March 2021.

Could online betting come soon? Some N.C. lawmakers are optimistic the state will get mobile wagering before the 2022 football season. A mobile expansion bill passed the Senate in 2021, and is expected to get a House vote early in the 2022 session.

Gov. Roy Cooper reiterated his support for online betting in early February.

“I think it’s important for North Carolina to be in the lead to make sure we secure the thousands of technology jobs that would come,” he said. “We ought to have a good strong debate about it, but I think it’s time for North Carolina to step up and do it.”

North Dakota

In-person sportsbooks only

There’s been no political movement to legalize sports gambling in North Dakota, but state tribes have already opened retail sportsbooks under authority granted to them by the federal government, a similar legal path for the sports betting launch in New Mexico. This too means retail only, but North Dakota is among a rare group of states that can take bets without an act of the legislature.

Notably, a 2021 online bill fell just a few votes short. Lawmakers could try again in 2022, especially if tribal books launch in 2021.

Oregon

One mobile betting option

Thanks to a limited exemption in the federal sports betting ban that allowed it to offer parlay cards, Oregon officials determined the state lottery could begin taking bets without a separate act of the legislature. The state lottery app took its first bet in 2019, but with only one legal mobile wagering option, it has not been able to match competitive markets.

In January of 2022, Oregon switched from its own lottery app to DraftKings as its sole operator.

Notably, in-state college betting is prohibited. A handful of Native American casinos have opened retail sportsbooks, which permit college betting as well, but these too are small revenue generators.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.

Pennsylvania

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Pennsylvania was among a handful of states to accept a legal retail sports bet in 2018 and, beginning with its 2019 digital launch, has been among the biggest markets in the country.

Despite high fees for operators to get into the game, Pennsylvania consistently sees the third-largest sports betting monthly handles, behind New Jersey and Nevada, despite a larger population, pulling in close to $500 million in bets during the meat of the football season.

The fees, and a limit of only 14 total operator licenses, will continue to hinder Pennsylvania’s potential, but it’s large population and high-profile sports teams will help it maintain some of the nation’s highest-grossing handle totals.

Rhode Island

One mobile betting option

Rhode Island has been offering legal sports betting since 2018 when retail sportsbooks opened at its two commercial casinos.  William Hill (now owned by Caesars) is the only legal retail and online sportsbook in the state.

Lawmakers repealed an in-person mobile registration requirement, but the small population and lone legal option keep revenues small, despite Rhode Island’s proximity to Connecticut and Massachusetts.

South Dakota

In-person sportsbooks only

The first retail sportsbooks opened in September 2021.

South Dakota legalized sports betting in November 2020 as part of a ballot initiative and lawmakers passed retail-only authorization for Deadwood casinos and certain tribal gaming facilities.

The state constitution only permits wagering within Deadwood and tribal lands, but some policymakers believe statewide mobile wagering can be approved as long as the servers are placed in Deadwood. Legislation to do so gained little traction in 2021 or in 2022, but could open an interesting new digital market in the years to come.

Tennessee

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Since it has no casinos, Tennessee is the only state that has online-only sports betting. The conservative state’s unlikely launch of an uncapped, digital sports betting market excited industry stakeholders, but other restrictions could hurt its potential.

Tennessee is also the only state that makes the operators return a 10% hold. Since the typical hold, which is the percentage of the total bets taken in that the books hold on to, is around 5-7% in most states, making sure that 10% is held could mean that bettors within the state will get worse odds.

Also, Tennessee took roughly 18 months to launch its first online sportsbooks after it’s legislature technically legalized betting. All major operators could enter the market in coming years, but Tennessee’s self-imposed restrictions could hurt its potential.

Virginia

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Virginia took its first online sports bet in January 2021.

Six operators went live in the first few months:

Though there is a cap on the number of skins, as many as five more operators could enter the market in 2022.

Washington

In-person sportsbooks only

Washington legalized sports betting on March 25, 2020 and took its first bet Sept. 9, 2021. Only certain tribal casinos can take bets.

Mobile sports betting, like Mississippi, will only be allowed if it is placed within a casino facility, a huge deterrent to the state’s revenue potential. Statewide mobile betting doesn’t seem like a reality anytime soon.

Washington D.C.

Limited mobile betting options

D.C. is technically a sole-source operator jurisdiction. The lone legal District-wide mobile app, GamBetDC, is run by the lottery and, partially because it has no legal competition, has offered lines worse than market averages. Also the app is geofenced out of any federal properties, a major problem in the nation’s capital.

That has allowed the city’s first retail sportsbook, a full sportsbook bar and restaurant in Capital One Arena. Caesars allows mobile wagering only within the stadium.

Under its former brand-name—William Hill—the retail book opened July 31, 2020 as a makeshift sportsbook in the arena’s box office.

A few miles to the south, BetMGM struck a similar partnership with the Washington Nationals. Its retail sportsbook opened Feb. 1, 2022 at Nationals Park. Its mobile app too, is available within a two-block radius of its retail location.

Another entrant, Handle 19, is readying to enter the marketplace with a retail location. Overall, D.C. hasn’t generated much from sports betting because of unfair pricing and issues with the GamBetDC app.

West Virginia

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Mobile betting had some initial hiccups in West Virginia, but it’s been fully live since August 2019.

The state has a handful mobile operators, including DraftKings, FanDuel, BetMGM and William Hill. It will never rival some of the larger markets, but bettors at least have several legal options to place a bet from anywhere within the state.

Wisconsin

In-person sportsbooks only

The Oneida Nation and Gov. Tony Evers announced a deal In July 2021 that permits the tribe to open retail sportsbooks at its casinos. The deal does not permit statewide mobile betting or wagering on in-state college sports. Following federal approval in August 2021, the tribe to launched sports betting at its Green Bay casino in November 2021.

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Wyoming

Full mobile betting with multiple options

Lawmakers surprisingly approved statewide mobile wagering, becoming just the second state to allow online betting without any retail sportsbooks. The first two online sportsbooks took bets beginning Sept. 1, 2021.

Meanwhile, the Northern Arapaho Tribe appears it may add retail sports betting under the authority of existing law, much in the way tribes in New Mexico are operating sports betting without any legislation.

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PENDING, 2022 LIKELY (4 TOTAL STATES)

  • Awaiting further action by regulators (4)

Kansas

Approved, awaiting further action by regulators

Kansas became the second state to legalize sports betting in 2022 after Gov. Laura Kelly signed a bill in May authorizing at least 12 online sportsbooks.

Kansas will allow in-person wagers at its four casinos, which may partner with up to three online betting providers each. Additionally they may sign contracts with retail locations, like professional sports arenas, to install and oversee betting kiosks.

More online sportsbooks could come into the state too. The law allows Kansas’ native tribes to update their gaming compacts and also partner with commercial operators to offer online betting.

Regulators expect first bets by early September 2022, just in time for the NFL season. That would make Kansas’ launch one of the fastest in U.S. history.

The Kansas Racing and Gaming Commission must complete operator background checks by Aug. 15 and announce license recipients by Sept. 1.

Keep a close eye on Kansas in the next few months.

Maine

Approved, awaiting further action by regulators

Maine was the first state to legalize sports betting in 2022.

A bill signed by Gov. Janet Mills in April permits Maine’s four native tribes to partner with commercial operators and offer online sports betting.

It sets the state up for up to four mobile sportsbooks.

The Hollywood Casino Hotel & Raceway, owned by Penn National, and the Oxford Casino Hotel, owned by Churchill Downs, can apply for betting licenses too, though only for in-person wagers.

Massachusetts and Vermont are now the only New England states without legal sports betting, though Maine is likely at least a year way from taking its first bets.

Ohio

Approved, awaiting further action by regulators

Ohio is another sports-crazy state that’s behind in legalizing sports gambling, especially given the action in many of its Midwestern neighbors.

But late in 2021, Ohio legislators passed an online sports betting bill and Gov. Mike DeWine approved it.

Some had hoped betting would start in time for the 2022 NFL season, but in May regulators announced all forms of betting will go live around late December 2022.

The law says betting must begin by Jan. 1, 2023.

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Nebraska

Approved, awaiting further action by regulators

Voters approved three constitutional amendments in November that would legalize “games of chance” at Nebraska’s licensed horse tracks. A regulatory bill that permits retail sportsbooks was signed into law, and in-person sports betting could begin at the new brick-and-mortar gaming facilities sometime in 2022. The bill doesn’t permit bets on Nebraska college teams played in the state.

POSSIBLE 2022 (3 TOTAL STATES)

  • Under consideration by legislature (2)
  • Multiple ballot proposals (1)
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California

Multiple ballot proposals

California’s November election will likely feature two different ballot proposals to legalize sports betting.

State tribes are pushing a measure that would permit sportsbooks on tribal grounds and certain horse tracks. It would allow wagering as early as 2023 but only in-person.

They’re openly campaigning against another proposal—backed by DraftKings, FanDuel and BetMGM—that would legalize online sports betting, by allowing commercial operators to partner with tribes. The commercial proposal has reached the signature threshold necessary to qualify, though collections still need to be verified by state officials. The tribal betting proposal has already qualified.

Each needs over 50% of the vote to become law. If both meet that requirement they will both take effect.

California is the most populous U.S. state and considered the crown jewel of the market. If you live in the Golden State expect tons of ads about the proposals leading up to November.

Massachusetts

Under consideration by legislature.

Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker and members of both parties in the Democrat-controlled General Court support sports betting. It still hasn’t passed.

Lawmakers are currently working through a revived Senate bill rom last year that would legalize sports betting, but it contains some troublesome language. Notably, it would ban betting on all types of college sports, prevent bettors from funding accounts with credit cards and would only allow six online operators.

It’s passed the Senate, though House lawmakers are unlikely to take it up unless several restrictions are removed. Lawmakers are currently working through what’s known as conference committees to try and reach an agreement on a bill that can pass both chambers.

Legal wagering doesn’t have some of the massive political or legal obstacles as other states, but the aforementioned issues must first be resolved before online and retail wagering can begin. Legal betting could come to Massachusetts in the next two years.

South Carolina

Under consideration by legislature

A pair of bipartisan lawmakers have introduced a bill that would allow up to 12 online sportsbooks, though South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster has opposed sports betting since taking office.

He may have a change of heart depending on how the November gubernatorial election shapes up. One of his key democratic opponents supports legalization.

 

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2023, BEYOND & NEVER (12 TOTAL STATES)

  • No movement (3)
  • Possible tribal action (1)
  • Longshots under consideration by legislature (1)
  • Possible action in 2023 (6)
  • Possible action in 2024 (1)

Alabama

Possible action in 2023

Alabama is one of the few remaining states without a lottery.

A bill that would have permitted a state-run lottery and mobile wagering looked like it had a chance in 2022, but lawmakers ended their session without voting on it. A robust market would be a difficult task in a state with only three tribal casinos and no lottery to run online betting.

Alabama may eventually opt to go the same route as neighboring Tennessee, which runs an exclusive online market.

Passing such a bill remains a difficult task in a state with strong gaming aversions.

Alaska

No movement

Alaska is pretty much nowhere on sports gambling. The 49th state might actually be the 49th to legalize it, if ever.

 

Georgia

Possible action in 2023

Georgia lawmakers ended their 2022 session the same way as their last two: with a failed last minute push to legalize sports betting.

They’ve tried for several years to lump sports betting with casino gaming as a constitutional amendment, though some believe that’s unnecessary. Legalizing sports betting through the existing state lottery would require less votes for passage, though it’s uncertain whether it would withstand a legal challenge.

Polls in Georgia say that voters are in favor of legalized sports betting, and executives from their major sports teams have also been vocal about support. Georgia’s inched closer to passing a bill in each of its last go-arounds, though Republicans in the Senate remain opposed to new gambling laws.

Popular support is on sports betting’s side, but it’s not clear if that’s enough to overcome entrenched anti-gambling sentiment in the statehouse.

Hawaii

Longshots under consideration by legislature

Hawaii is one of just two states currently without any major gambling entity of any kind. So it’s an uphill climb to get legal betting.

But there was a little bit of action in January of 2022, when Rep. John Mizuno introduced a bill.

“What we did was copycat New York’s law. We wanted to follow New York but go with a higher tax,” Mizuno told Sports Handle. “We said, ‘Hey New York got it passed, so let’s do what they did.’ That was my request for the bill drafters.”

The regulation session ended in May without very much traction on the bill, though lawmakers may still opt to advance it in upcoming sessions.

Idaho

No movement

State laws as written are currently against gambling, save for horse racing. The state doesn’t allow fantasy sports, either and there’s been little political appetite for legal sports betting.

Kentucky

Possible action in 2024

Kentucky came extremely close to legalizing sports betting in 2022, though an effort to give racetracks control over retail and online markets fell short at the last minute.

The bill passed the House but couldn’t find enough Republican support in the Senate, despite support from Majority Leader Damon Thayer (R).

Gov. Andy Beshear has been a big proponent of legalizing sports betting and is likely to sign any version that makes it to his desk.

The next chance to pass a legalization bill is likely 2024, as odd-numbered years require a three-fifths majority vote during a shorter 30 day session.

Minnesota

Possible action in 2023

Minnesota came extremely close to legalizing sports betting in 2022 and lawmakers will likely take it up again in 2023.

A bill that would have given the state’s native tribes exclusive control over online and retail betting passed the House, but fell apart after Senators amended it to include racetracks and professional sports teams.

The tribes, which hold a significant lobbying presence in the statehouse, have for years opposed any legislation that wouldn’t give them a monopoly on sports betting. Once the Senate amended the House bill, they pulled their support.

The legislature adjourned for the year without the Senate voting on the bill.

Missouri

Possible action in 2023

At one point Missouri looked like the surest bet to pass a sports betting bill in 2022, as lawmakers openly competed with their counterparts in Kansas to get there first.

The House managed to pass a bill that would have authorized up to 39 sportsbooks, but it fell apart somewhat unexpectedly in the Senate and never recovered despite a last minute push.

Sen. Denny Hoskins filibustered for hours over a proposed amendment that would have removed a portion of the bill authorizing video lottery terminals in truck stops and gas stations around the state. He vowed that sports betting would not pass without VLTs, which the casinos lobbying for sports betting have opposed.

About a week later he put forth a proposal that would legalize sports betting without VLTs, but the Senate declined to vote on it.

Click here to return to the map and full list of states.

Oklahoma

Possible tribal action

Oklahoma gaming is dominated by Native American entities and most seem disinclined to agree to sports betting until other key issues with the state government are resolved. Two tribes struck sports betting deals in 2020, but those were later invalidated, part of a larger conflict between competition gaming interests and the government.

A court ruling that renewed a previous compact between the two entities gives tribes the upper hand in negotiations with the government. Sports betting, which makes up a small fraction of most casino’s revenues, is a comparatively minor issue as billions of gaming dollars are up for further negotiations.

Texas

Possible action in 2023

Texas would appear to be an unlikely sports betting adopter, but shifting demographics and investment from outside gaming interests make it a possible target in 2023.

The Lone Star State is still a longshot, but some momentum in the 2021 session (the legislature only meets regularly in odd-numbered years) could help move Texas past its long-standing gambling opposition in 2023.

Utah

No movement

Sports betting is likely never coming to Utah, the only state in the continental U.S. without any major legal gaming form.

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Vermont

Possible action in 2023

Lawmakers have for years pushed sports betting in the Green Mountain state, but efforts to legalize haven’t gained much traction.

A bill made it to a Senate committee in 2022 that would have legalized retail and online betting under state lottery control, allowing up to six online sportsbooks. It did not however receive a vote in either the Senate or House.

With New York and Canada now legal and Massachusetts moving towards legalization, Vermont will soon be surrounded by sports betting, which may be what finally gets it to the finish line.

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